Walter Peterhans

Portrait of Walter Peterhans, Photo: Grete Stern, 1927.
Portrait of Walter Peterhans, Photo: Grete Stern, 1927. © Bauhaus-Archiv Berlin / Estate Grete Stern, Courtesy Galería Jorge Mara – La Ruche.
  • Born on 12.6.1897 in Frankfurt am Main, Hesse-Nassau Province (German Reich) | today Germany
  • Died on 12.4.1960 in Stetten bei Stuttgart, Federal Republic of Germany | today Deutschland

  • Birth Name Walter Anton Peterhans


  • Professions Photographer, University professor

    Networks
  • Bauhaus Dessau: Master and teacher
  • Bauhaus Berlin: Master and teacher
  • Hochschule für Gestaltung Ulm
  • Landeskunstschule Hamburg

Networks

  • Bauhaus Dessau: Master and teacher 1929–32: Head of photography department and Photography teacher
  • Bauhaus Berlin: Master and teacher 10.1932–3.1933
  • Hochschule für Gestaltung Ulm 1953
  • Landeskunstschule Hamburg 1959–60: Head of Grundlehre (preliminary courses)

After military service and a period as a prisoner of war, Walter Peterhans began studying at the department of engineering at the Sächsische Technischen Universität (TU) Dresden in 1919. The following year, he studied mathematics, philosophy and art history at the Technische Hochschule München (TUM) and the university in Göttingen. He then studied photographic reproduction and printing processes at the Staatliche Akademie für Grafische Künste und Buchgewerbe Leipzig (Academy of Visual Arts, Leipzig) from 1925 to 1926. After completing his studies and gaining his master’s certificate as a photographer in Weimar, Peterhans moved to Berlin in 1926–1927. A year later, he was already established there as an independent industrial and portrait photographer of international renown.
In 1929, Walter Peterhans was appointed to the Bauhaus Dessau by Hannes Meyer, the second Bauhaus director succeeding Walter Gropius, as a photography teacher and director of the photography department. When it closed in 1933, he continued to work in Berlin. After the dissolution of the Bauhaus in 1933, Peterhans taught at Werner Graeff‘s photography school in Berlin.
From 1934, he taught at the Reimann-Schule in Berlin, which changed its name to the Kunst- und Werk-Privatschule für Gestaltung (private school of design, art and workmanship) in 1936. In addition, he wrote photography manuals and worked as a freelance photographer. From 1933 to 1936, he wrote at least four publications for the publishing house Knapp-Verlag. In 1938, Peterhans emigrated to the United States and was given a professorship lecturing in visual training, analysis and art history at the department of architecture of the Armour Institute, Chicago, later the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT), then directed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. In addition to teaching at the IIT (until 1960), he worked from 1945 to 1947 as a research associate for philosophy at the University of Chicago. In 1953, as a guest lecturer at the Ulm School of Design (HfG), he was the head of the first basic course to follow the pedagogical principles of the Bauhaus. In 1959–1960, he taught as a guest lecturer at the University of Fine Arts in Hamburg.

Literature:

· Jeannine Fiedler (1990): Fotografie am Bauhaus, Berlin.
· Inka Graeve (1993): Walter Peterhans. Fotografien 1927–1938, Essen.
· Lutz Schöbe (2004): Bauhaus. Fotografie aus der Sammlung der Stiftung Bauhaus Dessau, Florenz.