Bauhaus Women - Pioneers of Modernity
Patrick Rössler, Elizabeth Otto
Celebrating the centennial of a groundbreaking School of Art and Design, this volume marks the founding of the Bauhaus with a visual exploration of its most underrated members. While the institution provided women with new opportunities in education, along the way, they were faced with unreasonable family expectations, the ambiguous attitude of the faculty and administration, outdated social conventions, and, ultimately, the political repression of the Nazi regime.
Unprecedented in current literature, Bauhausmädels presents 87 artists and artisans through texts and photographic portraits, many published for the very first time. Recent archival discoveries revive the biographies of better-known talents. In the 1920s, the title “Bauhaus girl” expressed a silent admiration for the young women who courageously eluded traditional gender roles to build a different, creative future. These include Marianne Brandt, the first woman to be admitted to the Bauhaus metalworking program whose designs are used by Alessi to this day; Gertrud Arndt who, dissuaded by the faculty from studying architecture, instead shone through her photography and rug design; and Lucia Moholy, who photographed the Bauhaus buildings in iconic shots, but spent the rest of her life trying to retrieve the negatives which were withheld from her. Moreover, the volume reminds us of other women artists whose names, nearly forgotten, also stand for early pioneers of gender equality, refusing to follow the beaten tracks society and their families insisted on.
In dem sorgfältig edierten Band kommen sie alle zu Wort: von den Lehrenden wie Walter Gropius, Johannes Itten, Gunta Stölzl oder Josef Albers bis zu den Studierenden, den Freunden und der Familie wie Lucia Moholy, Herta Wescher, Gerhard Marcks, Max Bill oder T. Lux Feininger.
The Bauhaus changed the face of modernism. Pursuing utopian ideals for the future, it developed a pioneering fusion of arts, crafts and technology which it introduced into all creative media and techniques, from cinema to theatre, and from sculpture to ceramics. Not only does this book describe the work of that creative community, it also captures the spirit of the age, through unposed photographs of gymnastics teams, for instance, and through drawings from Paul Klee’s teaching.